Are you scheduled to undergo a surgical procedure? If so, you can expect that your doctor will be requesting you to take several pre-surgery or pre-operative exams. Such exams help to evaluate your health condition, and determine whether your body is ready to go through the stress of the surgery. Also, the results prepare your doctor and his team by making them aware of the precautions that must be taken during the procedure. Just like patients having kidney problems or heart conditions, the doctor may add certain medications to get the patient ready for the surgery.
What Happens During A Pre-Operative Visit?
All pre-op exams start with a general checkup. It is usually done several weeks before any scheduled surgery to allow the doctor time to deal with any medical issues. Your doctor needs time to help your body heal to ensure it is in its optimal condition prior to the procedure.
The initial general checkup may include:
- Questions regarding your health history
- You will undergo a complete blood panel, x-ray, or an EKG
- If your family history include diabetes, the doctor will request a blood sugar test
- A checkup with a cardiologist is recommended for patients age 55 and above. It is also required for obese patients, as it may increase the risk of further complications after the surgery
- Additional blood tests will be required if you also have a history of any blood disorders
More Pre-Op Exams
If you are categorized by your doctor as a high-risk patient, he will recommend exams that are specific for the health conditions that you may develop right after your surgery.
Getting to know the risks prior to the surgery will help the doctor know what anesthetics or drugs should be used during the procedure. Also, some women will be asked to undergo a pregnancy test, since surgery may put their fetus at risk, especially with using anesthesia.
Also, patients with sickle cell anemia in their family history should also be tested, since doctors need to consider all the possible risks during and after the surgery to optimize the healing process.
What You Should Keep In Mind
Puesto que cada paciente es único, sus exámenes pre-operatorios necesarios pueden variar. Tan pronto como usted tenga su primera consulta, su médico decidirá qué pruebas se deben realizar a través de una evaluación de su historial médico. Esto también incluirá la consideración de su estado general de salud, edad, y también el tipo de cirugía que necesita.
Digamos, por ejemplo, que usted es fumador. Su médico le realizará una prueba de función pulmonar e incluso una prueba de esfuerzo cardíaco. Los pacientes que sean sometidos a una cirugía abdominal pueden ser requeridos a realizarse una colonoscopia e incluso una tomografía axial computarizada, una resonancia magnética y ultrasonidos..
Cuando tenga dudas sobre las pruebas que necesita, no dude en preguntar a cualquiera de los médicos de aquí en Southwest Urgent Care & Family Practice. Estamos dispuestos a ofrecer las mejores respuestas posibles en relación a la preparación para la cirugía.
Southwest Urgent Care & Family Practice is located about 2 miles away from the Galleria Mall in Houston, Tx. Please call us at 713-640-5754 to schedule your appointment